Serializers and deserializers, often shortened to SerDes, are hardware and software solutions used to convert data into its transmission form. Serialization is the process of encoding data into its transmission form, while deserialization is the process of decoding it back into its original form. A SerDes will accept data in its native format and then convert it to the format required for transmission over a specific medium. It will also receive data in its transmission format and convert it back to its native format. Serialization and deserialization can apply to a variety of formats such as text, binary, JSON, XML, and more. By using a SerDes, data can be efficiently transmitted from one device to another without requiring any manual conversion.